Jewish Art Primer

  • Miscellany Aaron Lighting

    Jewish Art: Any cultural production that utilizes Jewish subject matter and content drawn from; 1) all material found in Jewish sacred texts and those secular texts that explore Jewish social life and history, 2) Jewish history, from Antiquity to the present, as well as Jewish ritual, music and synagogue architecture.  And it begins with Dura Europos.  Mosaics and Murals in Antiquity. 

Jewish Art Before 1800

  • David with the Head of Goliath (1606), oil on canvas (48” X 39”) by Caravaggio Galleria Borghese, Rome

    Michelangelo Merisi Caravaggio (1571-1610) was well acquainted with evil.  His short violent life careened wildly between prestigious painting commissions from the most powerful men in Rome and drunken street brawls with the lowest of the low.

Jewish Art Before 1945

  • Omer Calendar (1825) Italy Courtesy of the Library of The Jewish Theological Seminary of America

    The visual image is not a problem in Judaism. We have countless examples of images and representations of Jewish subjects and ideas done by pious Jews throughout the centuries, whether as ancient synagogue mosaics, illuminated manuscripts, synagogue wall decorations or paintings. But, in spite of this evidence, there is a parallel Jewish sensitivity to images.

Contemporary Jewish Art

  • Self Portrait, (37 x 32) oil on board by Samuel Rothbort Courtesy Chassidic Art Institute

    Shmuel the artist is what they called him back in the Old Country.  At home and in cheder he was always drawing or modeling something.  Born in 1882 in Wolkovisk, Russia he grew up in poverty, his father a Torah scholar and mother a peddler of grain and flour.  Early on he was orphaned and with his soprano voice was apprenticed to a cantor to give performances from shtetl to shtetl in the Polesie swampy woodlands of Byelorussia.

Artists

Music, Film and Performances

  • One hundred years after David Pinski's (1872-1959) “Di Familye Tzvi” was written the scathing examination of the Jewish world that the play depicts is neither dated nor out of touch with contemporary Jewish life. Also known as “The Last Jew,” this play was completed in New York just fourteen months after the infamous Kishinev pogrom of April 1903 in Russia. It depicts one family, headed by grandfather Rabbi Mayshe, his sons and grandsons, friends and various community members at the very moment that the terrible pogrom is starting.

Photography

  • Tereska (1948) photograph by David Seymour © Chim (David Seymour)/ Magnum Photos
    Two masters of modern photography are on view at the International Center of Photography; Chim (Szymin); aka David Seymour and Roman Vishniac.  They are both Jewish and just happen to bring astute but radically different visions to Jewish photographic subjects. These brilliant, exhaustive exhibitions help us examine the fundamentals of what it means to create a Jewish Art in photography.

Museums / Auction Houses

  • Judy Chicago, Sky Flesh, 1971, sprayed acrylic lacquer on acrylic.  Collection of Elizabeth A. Sackler, New York.  © 2010 Judy Chicago / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

    But of course numbers don't tell the whole story of "painting and feminism," to cite the second half of the show's full title, Shifting the Gaze: Painting and Feminism. Just because a woman is showing her work doesn't mean her work is expressing a feminist agenda or perspective.